Children are the most vulnerable sections of any society. Taking care of their physical, emotional, social and psychological wellbeing is the duty of parents, teachers, and doctors. Being at a stage in life where almost every thing from what they wear to what they watch on TV must be monitored, it is extremely important for parents and caretakers to watch and wait over them.
With the advent of the nuclear family and both parents going off to work, it has become necessary in many societies to entrust child health and wellbeing elsewhere. A system of nursing called child health nursing which specializes in providing holistic care and support for a child has sprung up. Nurses are educated about children, their stages of mental and physical development. How they learn to speak, interact with the world and how they acquire knowledge is taught to them. Training is also given in taking care of children in emergencies and in case of accidents.
Pediatrics is a branch of medicine which deals with taking care of the health of children up to their teens. Be it the obvious differences in body structure or the types of ailments and diseases prevalent, child health differs substantially from the normal system of medicine administered to adults. It is a very challenging and rewarding career for many brilliant doctors who have specialized in this area. The alleviation of suffering in small children who are innocent and vulnerable to pain and discomfort is a great motivator to many who take up this branch of medicine.
There is also a branch of engineering design that specializes in making products suitable for kids. People involved in such activities have years of experience in watching kids grow. A thorough understanding of child behavior is required. A lot of changes in design for kidsí consumables are essential. Be it soaps or dresses, furniture or study materials, a lot of ingenuity and thorough understanding of child psychology is necessary. What kids want, when they want it, and how they use things need to be studied and analyzed before designing products for kids.