Dental science or dentistry is a branch of medicine that is primarily focused on improving or enhancing oral health. It involves the examination, identification, prevention and healing of oral disorders, illnesses and ailments of the oral fissure, the jawbone and facial area and the adjoining and connected frameworks, and their consequences on the human body.
In order to ensure complete overall health, it is widely considered that dentistry is of extreme importance to an individual and should be engaged by every individual.
Dentists are doctors who practice the art and science of dentistry. A dentist is usually accompanied by a supporting team, which includes dental assistants, hygienists, denturists, and therapists, who provide assistance in oral health services.
It is believed that between the years 1700 and 1800, modern dentistry as science, developed and prospered. In the world of dentistry, French surgeon Pierre Fauchard is highly regarded as The Father Of Modern Dentistry, who introduced extraordinary and significant improvisations of dental tools by adapting instruments from jewellery makers, watchmakers and even barbers that he perceived could be engaged in dentistry.
The world’s first dental school was introduced in Ohio, by Dr John Harris in 1828, who was instrumental in establishing dentistry as a medical profession. Subsequently, the Baltimore College Of Dental Surgery was opened as the first dental College in 1840, in Baltimore, Maryland.
According to the American Dental Association, there are nine different dental specialities that are recognised by the institution. These include, paediatric dentistry, orthodontics, dental public health, prosthodontics, endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral and maxillofacial radiology and oral and maxillofacial pathology.