Gardens have been part of history and folklore. Poets have sung about romantic interludes between protagonists in a garden. Kings and queens were in the habit of constructing gardens around palaces and villas. Some of these gardens can still be seen skirting most popular palaces, buildings, and offices.
A garden is a plot reserved for the cultivation of flowers, shrubs, vegetables, fruits, herbs, and ornamental plants. A garden can be natural or man-made. A typical example is a residential garden. People go to great lengths and incur considerable pain and costs in maintaining a residential garden, results of which are often spectacular. A garden brimming with exotic plants, colorful flowers and buzzing with butterflies is a sight for sore eyes.
Gardening, along with providing a pleasant visual sight to the landscape also provides a way to vent out energy in a constructive way. It is at the same time both a means of recreation and a stress buster. Gardening is an art, which needs skill and an aesthetic sense of creativity. With the vertical growth of cities due to increased migration, residential gardens are fast losing out, you might think. Think again. Gardens have never gone out of fashion and have adapted to changing lifestyles. Although a garden typically is located on the land near a residence, it may also be located in a roof, atrium, balcony, window box, or on a patio or vivarium.
Getting a residential garden involves selection of plants based on the availability of sunlight, water, and the climate of the area. Knowledge of various plant types, their growth and maintenance helps in maintaining a fine garden. Gardens in non-residential green areas such as parks, public or semi-public gardens (botanical gardens or zoological gardens), amusement and theme parks, along transportation corridors, and around tourist attractions and hotels are the pride of a people and a country. Indoor gardening, water gardening, container gardening, and landscaping are other exciting forms of gardening. Landscape architecture is a related professional activity with landscape architects designing and developing pleasing visual landscapes within and around buildings.
Reduced pollution, erosion control, wildlife habitat, energy saving and enhanced human comfort are benefits accruing due to engaging in gardening. If the focus on the quantity of trees rather than their individual quality and proper planting is also looked at, visually stunning landscapes can be built. Such landscapes attract hordes of tourists and also promote tourism.