Job portals or employment websites are specific websites that focus only on varied careers or jobs in various, different industries. Some job portals are planned in such a manner so as to allow employers to publish their requirements for certain positions that need to be filled in their respective organisations, on the job portal. Some other job portals provide reviews from employers, guidance and counselling on job-related careers in the form of articles and expert columns, and advertise various job descriptions from advertising employers.
With the help of an employment website, a prospective candidate can search and apply for a position and can submit his credentials to the job portal for the advertised application.
The first job portal was initiated in 1994 by Robert McGovern in the United States, who introduced a specialized kind of software known as NetStart Inc., to employers in order to help them put up job positions on their respective websites and deal with incoming applications from prospective employees generated by those listings. In 1998, the company changed its name to CareerBuilder and expanded its operations throughout the country, as major newspapers across the nation joined forces to advertise their classified sections on the site. Subsequently, other job portals sprung up such as Hot Jobs.com, Monster.com, HeadHunter.net, Jobs Online.com and many more.
The success of job portals in connecting the void between prospective candidates and employers has resulted in the spawning of hundreds of job sites across the globe, many of which now post specific job opportunities in a particular industry, such as government sector, hospitality, medical field, education, and others.