People whose jobs have made them accustomed to a sedentary lifestyle most often suffer from a series of occupational disorders such as carpal tunnel syndrome, tenosynovitis, tension neck syndrome, and low back pain. These are conditions that belong to a class of disorders known as musculoskeletal disorders.
These problems are most acutely seen in people who work extensively with computers or people who work a desk job. Excessive usage of keyboards and the mouse bring about pain in the lower back, neck, wrists, and finger joints. Such disorders have been categorized as regional musculoskeletal disorder (R-MSD), cumulative trauma disorder (CTD), and repetitive stress injury (RSI).
A common discomfort observed in people suffering from these disorders includes pain in the muscles and bones. While muscle pain is often less intense than that of bone pain, it can be very unpleasant. Weakness is a common symptom of muscle injury or disease. Muscle weakness can also result from many diseases affecting the whole body. Pain resulting from muscle weakness can be mild, tender or severe, local or diffuse. Usually, pain is short-lived but acute. Arthritis is one example of a chronic disorder with a long-lived or ongoing pain.
When joints are involved, inflammation occurs. For joints, the swelling is often the result of fluid inside the joint. Inflammation of joints is a reaction to a variety of abnormal circumstances, such as infection or autoimmune disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is one of many autoimmune diseases that cause joint inflammation. A reduced range of motion is often the result of such a condition.
Weakness can occur if a muscle itself cannot contract or if a nerve does not adequately stimulate the muscle. If a joint is frozen and unable to move normally, the muscle may not be adequately able to cause movement. Even pain, due to inflammation, prevents normal movement, causing weakness.
These disorders can be very debilitating considering the fact they could interfere with the most mundane activities a person does daily such as, sitting on a chair and operating a keyboard. Working professionals must be cautious to symptoms of repeated pain in the joints, fingers and back. To be proactive in preventing oneself from this disease is the best method of managing musculoskeletal disorders. Regular exercise, yoga, taichi, or relaxation routines such as stretching and bending can offer much comfort to those aching joints and muscles.