An organization is any group of people who have come together for any specific and known purpose. It can also mean the institution so established through the conglomeration of people. As a verb, organization would mean the act of coming together. In either case, we find that organization has to do with co-operation, or people joining for a cause, however petty or however noble. To that extent humans have been organizing ever since men realized that two of them can be more efficient and powerful than just one.
Harold McAlindon has said that “the quality of an organization can never exceed the quality of minds that make it up”. For organizations to be successful, therefore, it is absolutely essential that the men, and especially their leaders, are committed and motivated. It is only when individual members have enough skills, dedication, determination and the opportunity to succeed that the organization moves forward as a whole body. In fact an organization is a whole composed of parts or organs, and the health of the whole is dependent upon the parts.
There are many theories or perspectives that influence thinking on organizational behavior; some of them include the Weberian organization theory, the Marxist organizational analysis, contingency theory, labor process theory, etc. Organization studies are very important as they tell how organizations may be built, or present ones may be calibrated for optimal performance.
Organizations have been built for various purposes, throughout history and the world. Today, there various types of organizations, from governmental ones like the cabinet, the army, the police; other legal ones like NGOs, cooperatives, sports organizations; or other profit organizations including chambers of commerce, etc.
At various points of time we avail of services of many organizations. At times we feel inspired to uphold a cause by joining an organization. In this section of the directory, we provide links to various resources related to organizations.