The occasion of the birth of a child brings unbounded pleasure to family members. A new born brings about radical changes in a family. Be it the new furniture, the new clothes, or the new schedules of the parents. It is said that the arrival of a baby confers a new role to every family member. There is a new mother, a new father, new grand parents, and new uncles and aunts. Every new member has to understand his/her changed role and learn the new responsibilities that the new baby’s arrival confers.
The formative years of a baby are very crucial for its development. The experiences during the formative years impact a baby’s personality traits during its entire life. Psychologists devoted to the study of a child’s early stages of development are called Developmental Psychologists. Jean Piaget, a pioneer in developmental psychology observed that the child passes through four main phases before becoming an adult with fully developed mental faculties.
Sigmund Freud, another psychologist has remarked that the pleasurable and painful experience during a child’s formative years goes a long way in the proper or improper development of several personality traits in later life. According to him, if a baby is fixated at what is known as the oral stage, such people could turn out to be over eaters, smokers and so on. Similarly, proper or improper potty training could make babies grow into adults who could suffer from an over adherence to cleanliness and introvertedness. It pays to understand how babies learn. When to use positive reinforcements or negative chidings, what is the right mix of positive and negative reinforcers are questions that one can find answered.
It becomes necessary then that the formative years of a child are handled properly so that babies develop into healthy, mature individuals. Today’s parents can take comfort in the fact that there is a lot of information about taking care of a new born. Advice, counseling, and research works in handling babies, potty training, and breast feeding are readily available.