Publishing is the act of making information available to a specific audience or the general public. It involves the process of producing and distributing literature, music or data for public consumption.
In a number of cases, authors also act as their own publishers, which means that not only does a developer or writer of content originates information but also arranges to produce and generate the information to be disseminated and displayed for all, by publishing copies of his work himself.
In the conventional sense, publishing refers to the dissemination of printed content such as books, magazines, newspapers and the like. With the introduction of the Internet and digital systems, the scope of publishing has extended beyond the scope of printed material. It has reached further than the traditional sense to incorporate electronic aspects such as e-books, websites, blogs, video games, micro publishing and similar such electronic opportunities.
Prior to publishing a book, a number of technical and legal issues need to be resolved by the writer, who may be asked to edit the quality of work either through further improvement or initiate small changes as suggested by the publishing staff. Most publishers maintain a particular kind of style relevant to their standing in the industry and depending upon the work that needs to be published, publishing staff usually edit the content in order to ensure that the literary work reflects the house style and meets the specific requirements of the market.
A publisher not only controls the marketing and sales aspects of a printed book but can also outsource certain aspects of the publishing process to specific publishing marketing houses.