Sports nutrition is the analysis and practice of nutrition and diet concerning the performance of athletes. It primarily focuses on the kind and amount of fluids and solid food consumed by an athlete, and concerns itself with necessary nutrients required such as multivitamins, multi-minerals, and other essential substances such as fatty acids, proteins and carbohydrates for optimum performance. Sports nutrition takes a prominent role in a host of sports training routines, but it is most commonly seen in resistance sports such as bodybuilding and weightlifting and endurance activities such as swimming, running and cycling.
Most athletes consider consuming sports nutrition supplements in order to enhance their performance, but in extreme cases some athletes opt for illegal ingredients such as steroid compounds to hastily build up strength and mass that can cause adverse effects on the health.
Sports nutrition took a serious tone when dietary protein began to become popular in the 1940s due to its muscle building results and strength enhancing outcomes among training athletes. One of the most important constituents for a regular athlete is to consume adequate amounts of protein as it is not only a substantial element of exercise training but is of immense benefit in aiding recovery and boosting performance. However, excessive amount of protein supplements can also prove to be harmful than advantageous. Overconsumption health dangers include kidney failure, liver damage, calcium loss, dehydration, gastrointestinal disorders such as bloating and diarrhoea.
Within sports nutrition, high energy additives have also proven to enhance the performance of physical activities among athletes; notably among these include carbohydrates, caffeine and vitamin B ingredients found in high-energy supplements.