The words ‘data base’ were first used in June 1963, and Database as a single word became common in Europe in early 1970s. However, the concept of database, defined broadly, predates the coining of the term. The first databases were probably the tax rosters made for determination and recording of tax, once taxation had been centralized. Various forms of rosters have been used as often as there was a need to record related pieces of information in a systematized way.
A database is a systematic collection of related data that a computer program may access to elicit some information and make relativistic analysis. For better retrieval and sorting, each record is usually organized as a set of data elements (facts). The items retrieved in answer to queries become information that can be used to make decisions. A database management system (DBMS) is a computer program that helps manage the database, sort various data under various categories, and helps us find the data when we want it. The first DBMS was developed in the 1960s, when the CODASYL and IMS systems came out. Before that data processing had been based on punched cards and magnetic tape, so that serial processing was the dominant activity. In the 1980s, focus shifted to distributed database system, and in the 1990s, to object-oriented databases.
There can be various database models, like the flat model, the network model, the relational model, the dimensional model and the object oriented model. Databases are used in many applications, spanning virtually the entire range of computer software. Databases are the preferred method of storage for large multi-user applications, where coordination between many users is needed. As more and more information is generated the scope of database increases manifold. Various companies are developing specialized database solutions to keep up with the information overload.
In this section of the directory, we provide various database solutions for all your data management needs.